The biggest investment you will make in your lifetime will probably be purchasing a home. So before you close, you need to be sure that that nobody else has a claim to the property.
Determining that your rights and interests to the property are clear is the business of a title insurance company.
For a modest, one-time title insurance premium, you will receive continuous title insurance protection equal to the purchase price of the property or its current market value.
The title company searches the title history of the property. The title insurance company can almost always identify any title problems that may arise and clear up these problems prior to closing.
Real Estate law is extraordinarily complicated. Title companies make sure that all the T's are crossed and all the I's are dotted so you don't end up with a clouded title and legal problems. Your owner's policy will describe the property and outline the limitations on your ownership. It will also set forth the title company's responsibilities should any claim covered by the policy terms arise. Title insurance covers the following:
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