The biggest investment you will make in your life will likely be the purchase of a home. So before you commit to the transaction, you want to be sure that the "title" of the property is free of any other claims.
Determining that your rights and interests to the property are clear is the business of a title insurance company.
You pay the title insurance company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title company performs an extensive search on the title history of the property. Through its research, the title company can almost always find any title problems that may arise and have these problems cleared-up prior to closing.
Because Real Estate Law is so complicated, you need an expert to make sure that all previous transactions have been correct, so you don't end up with legal problems or a problem selling your property. Your owner's policy will describe the property and outline the limitations on your ownership. It will also cover what the title company is responsible for. Typically your title insurance will protect you in the following cases:
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