FICO Credit Scores: What Do They Mean?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to just one number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit agencies. They use the payment history of all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans and others.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to build your score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- Payment History - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Typical home buyers will likely find their FICO scores above 620.
Credit scores make a big difference in interest rates
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your FICO score
What can you do about your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Since the FICO score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it is hard to change it quickly. You must, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
Getting your FICO score
In order to improve your FICO score, you must get the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the original FICO score, sells scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at (321) 777-7277.