FICO Credit Scores: What Do They Mean?
Since our society is so automated, it should come as no surprise that your creditworthiness boils down to a single number.
This score is compiled by credit reporting agencies. These agencies use the payment history of all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans etcetera.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following in building your score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers probably find their credit scores falling above 620.
FICO makes a difference in interest rates
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you can and should remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your FICO score, you must get your score and be sure that the reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the original FICO score, offers scores on myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your FICO score? Call us: (321) 777-7277.