About the FICO Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to just one number.
The FICO score is created by credit reporting agencies. These agencies use the payment history from all of your loans: mortgages, car/motorcycle/boat loans, credit cards, and the like.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary from one agency to another, all of the agencies use the following to calculate your score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage loan in the current environment have a score above 620.
Your credit score affects your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your credit score
Is it possible to raise your FICO score? Because the FICO score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it's hard to change it quickly. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
Before you can improve your FICO score, you must obtain your score and make sure that the reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO score, sells credit scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three reporting agencies. They also provide information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us: (321) 777-7277.