How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your loan payment history to create this score.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following factors in calculating a credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- Payment History - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted a little bit differently depending on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly from one agency to another. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage in the current environment score 620 or above.
Your credit score affects your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I raise my credit score?
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
To raise your FICO score, you must obtain the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the original FICO credit score, sells FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and inexpensive.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at (321) 777-7277.