FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
This score is built by credit agencies. They use the payment history of all of your loans: mortgages, car/motorcycle loans, credit cards, etcetera.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary from one agency to another, all of the agencies use the following to calculate your score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Credit scores make a big difference in your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your FICO score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Because the score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very hard to change it quickly. You should appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to obtain your score and make sure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to quickly get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Give us a call: (321) 777-7277.